INTRO: The Book of Ruth is one of only 2 books in the Bible devoted to a story whose main character is a wo- man. The Book of Ruth introduces us to a Gentile who married a Jew and is found in the genealogy of the Lord Jesus. The Book of Ruth is read on the day that the Jews celebrate the Feast of Shavout (We know it better as “Pentecost.” In addition to being a “human love story,”‘ it is a picture of the Grace of God. It is a story of redemption, not only humanly speaking for the time it was written and the characters therein, it, as all Scripture, points to Jesus as our Kinsman-Redeemer. Boaz was the kinsman-redeemer to Naomi and he is a type of Christ. The book has some prophetic implications also. We will get to that more in chapter 4.
Warren Wiersbe writes the following, “The story of Ruth begins with a famine and ends with the birth of a baby….God is mentioned 25 times in the book of Ruth. ..the will of God is fulfilled, and the providential hand of God is clearly seen. It has been said that faith is not believing in spite of evidence but obeying in spite of consequence. ”
John MacArthur, in the “MacArthur Study Bible,” writes this: “Jewish tradition credits Samuel as the author, which is plausible since he did not die until after he had anointed David as God’s chosen king ( I Sam 16:6-13).”
MacArthur further writes, At least 7 major theologic- al themes emerge in Ruth.
- First, Ruth the Moabitess illustrates that God’s redemptive plan extended beyond the Jews to the Gentiles (Ruth 2:12).
- Second, Ruth demonstrates that women are co- heirs with men of God’s salvation grace (cf. Gal. 3:28).
- Third, Ruth portrays the virtuous woman of 31:10 (cf. Ruth 3:11).
- Fourth, Ruth describes God’s sovereign (Ruth 1:6; Ruth 4:13) and providential care (Ruth 2:3) of seemingly unimportant people at apparently insignificant times which later prove to be monumentally crucial to accomplishing God’s Will.
- Fifth, Ruth, along with Tamar (Gen. 38), Rehab (Joshua 2), and Bathsheba (2 Sam. 11,12) stand in the genealogy of the messianic line (Ruth 4:17,22; cf. Matt. 1:5)
- Sixth, Boaz, as a type of Christ, becomes Ruth’s kinsman-redeemer (Ruth 4:1-12).
- Finaly, David’s right (and thus Christ’s right) to the Throne of Israel is traced back to Judah (Ruth 4:18-22); cf Gen. 49:8-12)